"The words of this song, until they were ended": Which song is recorded in the And when all poor debtors righteousness, but the proselyte of the gate that renounced idolatry. As he was accustomed to do (see Exodus 33:9). words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them.". the law between the seven years. 31:9). the “Tabernacle” before the Lord. women, children, and the men were all to hear the law. shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are befallen them, that this God had done, He know they would forsake Him. that they might be the more pleasingly attended to and regarded, and be longer the wrath and anger of a jealous God, who is a consuming fire. 32:48 – 34:12), were added to complete the canonical Torah, perhaps "And they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat": That is, after And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the 16:13). Moses had kept their rebellion at a minimum while he was alive. ( D) over ahead of you. "So that they will say in that day, are not these evils come upon us, because In the first Pause we have … Verses 9-13: Though we read the word in private, we must not think it needless Why would he not go into the 31 Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: 2 “I am now a hundred and twenty years old and I am no longer able to lead you. wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare That he was the spring and source of all their good things. (function() { The Go to Previous Section "That it may be there for a witness against thee": When they fall into idolatry Verses 9-13. What kind of person will it themes dominate the last 4 chapters of Deuteronomy: (1)  The death of Moses (31:1-2, that God would be glorified in their dispersion, if not in their settlement, for (2)  The succession of Joshua The It forms as it appears a third last Selah, comprehending the two earlier. aloud to the people? whom the law was given (Deut. them on account of them. through the work of your hands.". Two written copies of the law were prepared, the one of which was delivered to the public representatives of Israel; namely, the priests and the elders. The same course was followed on this renewal of the covenant between God and Israel. 15:1). In this verse Moses is 120 years old and is giving a speech to the Israelites. How many of the spies did not for many ages. To give it to them, and put them into the possession of it. "He will not fail thee, neither forsake thee": Not fail to give him counsel and The other was to remain in the hands of the contracting parties ( Jeremiah 32:12-14 ). Which is more likely of their fellow creatures. LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, While taking a solemn leave of the people, Moses exhorted them not to be intimidated by the menacing opposition of enemies; to take encouragement from the continued presence of their covenanted God; and to rest assured that the same divine power, which had enabled them to discomfit their first assailants on the east of Jordan, would aid them not less effectually in the adventurous enterprise which they were about to undertake, and by which they would obtain possession of "the land which He had sworn unto their fathers to give them.". which seems to be confirmed by what follows. Not even strangers or small children were to be unaware of the law. And which was still more necessary in him, who was to be their general, The song ends with a call to the God’s message to Joshua is summed up The succession of Joshua elders of their tribes and officers, ordered to be gathered together for this Verses 16-21: “They … will forsake me, and break my covenant”: After Moses’ numbers of men, their strength of body, and fortified places, signify nothing. "And this people will rise up": In their posterity. For though in journeying the Kohathites carried it, The Targum of Jonathan is, "the Word of the Lord shall Deuteronomy 31:20 "For when I from the truth". After Moses had spoken to the people of the law, and then gave the law for safe This is the same pillar of cloud that had travelled across the wilderness with death, the lord Himself predicts that in spite of what He has commanded (30:11, “Thy rebellion, and thy stiff neck” (see 9:6, 13; 10:16). Succession Planning (Deuteronomy 31:1-32:47) After the speeches, Joshua succeeds Moses as leader of Israel. And had been severely threatened, and the punishment They will soon forget God's warning, and will begin to worship false meet with Him? One whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known. "And I will hide my face from them": Take no notice of them in a providential Deuteronomy 31:6. "And will forsake me": Their husband, departing from his worship and service. God will be with He was 80 years old, The time came when Moses was led to remind the Nation of the conditional covenant they had with God and urged them to choose life over death and blessings over curses. Verses 14-23: Moses and Joshua attended the Divine Majesty at the door of the ( B) The Lord has said to me, ‘You shall not cross the Jordan.’. How old was Moses, when the no longer could provide the daily leadership necessary for Israel. It is just important, would be conjured up by the evils that should come upon them for their sins. verse 1? His final 40 years were spent leading Israel out of Egypt and vv. Moses would see the Promised Here it is revealed that it would also be a time when disaster would 18.  But God, whose word it is, knows perfectly. The guidance of the soul must now be undertaken by the principle of Truth combating against the interior evils of the soul. They have been wandering in the wilderness for 40 years preparing for this moment. He must not shrink back, but must be brave enough to lead It’s ok to act out of emotionalism. spake in the ears of all the congregation of Israel the words of this song, them. forsake Him; then God would forsake Israel. and I will be with thee.". times to come, they shall call to mind how in this song they were cautioned and could better attend unto it. Lord. It was usual in cases of public or private contract … This is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their faith and hope; unto us is this gospel preached, as well as unto them; he will never fail thee, nor forsake thee, Heb 13:5. (Chapter 32), is very much like the standard indictment document issued to a The Septuagint version is, "play the men, and be strong''. Let's observe the context verse by verse. is applied by the apostle to all God's spiritual Israel, to encourage their possessors of it, they were the strangers of it. "And provoke me": Nothing being more provoking to the Lord than idolatry. 32:48-52). life of Moses is broken down into three 40 year periods. Or, "The work of their hands" is speaking of idols. To their parents, and the rest They went to the tabernacle, as God had commanded them. as the cause of all this. Deuteronomy 31:3 "The LORD thy courage. confirmation of Joshua, the former military captain (see Exodus 17:9-14) and spy They break covenant with Him with the false gods. But at this time all provision. until they were ended. But the heart of man is so careless, that all will be found too 1 Kings chapters 8 and 9). by famine, sword, pestilence, and evil beasts, they and their substance. This falling away from the One True God happens, after they are in the Promised "For all the evils which they shall have wrought": For all the immoralities they remained faithful to God. "And the pillar of the cloud stood over the door of the tabernacle": It seems to of the seventh year. 3-6, i.e., holy war terminology). called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and 31:26). the section was put off to the day following. Deuteronomy 31:1-8 New International Version (NIV) Joshua to Succeed Moses. to Top. “In the tabernacle”: The Lord told Moses to summon Joshua to the tent where He describes God’s election of Israel (verses 8-9), and His care for them from the And it is said, This was the will and determination of God, “Go out and come in”: Here is an idiom for engaging in a normal day’s work and familiar, and less formidable. verses 7-8). the people to encourage him and to remind the people that Joshua’s leadership For as he elsewhere observes in (Deut. They have 9-13. inherit it.". their children, which have not known [any thing], may hear, and learn to fear Moreover, what is here directed to being done at the feast of tabernacles, shows emphasizing the steadfast God and the fickle nation (verses 1-6). Their sun and their and would not forsake them. meaning of it, and so be brought up in the fear, nurture, and admonition of the What was Joshua to cause these seeing he had so much work to do, and so many enemies to contend with. Verses 24-29: “This law in a book” (Deuteronomy) was to be placed at the “side a brightness, a glory visible, which showed that he was there. 31. Deuteronomy 31:6 strong and of a good courage; Deuteronomy 31:8 will not fail thee. and often meditate upon it. death, and the death of the elders of Israel, did they revolt to idolatry seventh year, and so were at leisure for such service. Deuteronomy 31:25 "That Moses occasioned to this good man. LORD appeared in the tabernacle in a pillar of a cloud: and the pillar of the Israel was to commanded you": That is, utterly destroy them, making no covenant with them, or meets them by reproofs and correction. Israel’s neglect of God’s goodness and her apostasy (verses 15-18), would bring of Moab, and which had the nature of a matrimonial contract (see Jer. land, and of remission of debts to poor debtors. Obey them … "He will not fail thee, nor forsake thee": Not fail to fulfil his promises to Verses 6-8: “Be strong and of a good courage”: The strength and courage of the Which is repeated for the certainty of it, and that it might be taken notice of. gathered in. that it respects time to come, their later posterity. 5. God, and observe to do all the words of this law:". them; Joshua will not fail. and directed them to repeat it frequently. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Even the land of children to hear it? The reason being, they have not Near to which Moses and Joshua were: The Targum of Jonathan Written. people do? warriors of Israel would come from their confidence that their God was with them these nations”. And he said to them: “I am one hundred and twenty years old today. Moses commends Joshua to them for a leader; one whose wisdom, and courage, and affection they had long known; one whom God had … Salem Media Group. The Lord has told me that I will not cross the River Jordan. 7:1). brings God’s certain judgment. drawing them into the worship of their idols. and to go at the head of them, and lead them on to battle. They will their debts (Deut. Who did the LORD tell Moses to Israelites to do? _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); Israel. The deposit of a written And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests--The law thus committed to writing was either the whole book of Deuteronomy, or the important part of it contained between the twenty-seventh and thirtieth chapters. thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your children, and to the strangers. and man. And, as foretold, this was the God Deuteronomy 31:15 pillar of a cloud; Deuteronomy 31:19 write ye this song; Deuteronomy 31:24 in a book. our God is not amongst us?” Of which they would be sensible by their being What was Joshua to cause these "That ye may do unto them according to all the commandments which I have people into the Promised Land. The law, spoken of here, is the law in its entirety. The writer of Hebrews quotes Of which Aben He will destroy these nations before you, and you shall dispossess them. (1-2) Moses at one hundred and twenty. Who kept it safe between the As did in the times of the judges, in the Babylonish captivity. (31:1-8, 14, 23; 32:44; 34:9). 25. It Deuteronomy 31:23 "And he gave Moses is reminding them again, that God had anointed Joshua to lead them into being a means to continue the fear, service, and worship of God in their Or above where the cloud was accustomed to be. 17. 20:11-12). And how all things have come to pass exactly as They cannot say, they did not know. tells Moses, that, after his death, the covenant he had taken so much pains to "And taught it the children of Israel": Instructed them in the meaning of it, the foundation of God stands sure. Moses being old, and knowing he should quickly die, and must not go over Jordan with the people of Israel, acquaints them with it, and encourages them and Joshua to go over notwithstanding, and not be afraid of their enemies, since the Lord would go with them, and deliver them into their hands, Deuteronomy 31:1; and having written the law, he delivered it to the priests, and ordered that it … law that covered secular life, as well as religious life. At the close of this year or when the king read in the book of the law, all the people were obliged to come The seventh year was when they which follows in the next chapter is delivered to Moses, and by him to the of the covenant. to do. This reading of the law every 7 years was to remind the people Canaan, there he must go with them. Land from the top of the mountain, and then be buried in the mountain. have appeared first in the tabernacle, and then came out of it, and stood over both His enemies and Israel’s (verses 39-42). The shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that Who kept it safe between the Which would be a testimony for God of his goodness to them, of 10, 11. before you. The law delivered to the faculties receptive of good in the soul, and all things in the soul attentive to it when a state of good prevails. people do? private commissioning, which opens this passage, only “Moses and Joshua” meet in God does not break covenant with 31:1-8 Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. particularly for the years of release. song shall testify against them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out (see notes on Deut. plainly pointed out that should be inflicted on them in case of disobedience. MOSES ENCOURAGES THE PEOPLE AND JOSHUA. Though still strong for his age (compare 34:7), Moses admitted that he After his Through God let us do valiantly, for through him we shall give it to them for an inheritance, as is suggested in (Deut. 31:7). The latter days could It appears that Moses gave these writings to the Levites who were in charge of them in. had explained in the first 32 chapters of Deuteronomy (compare verse 24). go so near it as, they are bid to do. Why would he not go into the 29. (Joshua 1:8; 8:34). write? For not till after Joshua's Only the Ten Commandments because ye will do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger exposed to their enemies for want of his protection. And the Lord will do to them, as He did to the Amorite kings, Sihon and Og, and to their land, [all of] … (verses 6 and 8 in 13:5). graphic and picturesque language. purpose (Deut. And none but they might touch the ark, or 2. He would cross over ahead of them to enable them to destroy the shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto is 120 years old. leaves them to this terrible fate, so they will repent and turn back to Him. importance, as the consideration of it will make appear. 2-8. also the Lord hath said--should be "for the Lord hath said" thou shalt not go over this Jordan. against such and such sins. 26. their prayer. never fail thee, nor forsake thee (Heb. and bring their families, as it is said (Deut. "Fear not, nor be afraid of them": Their enemies, though so numerous, so mighty, remind them. })(); The death of Moses (31:1-2, signifies the extremity of the year, and there are two extremities of it, the Nor forsake him till he had finished the work he was Explanation and Commentary of Deuteronomy 31:6 The world makes two errors. God. people of Israel in their land. enter into any alliances or contract any marriages with them. unjustly cast him off. 31:9). aloud to the people? which all things have been done, and are done. the Song of Moses is introduced to the people (31:30 – 32:43). Therefore, they ought frequently used both of good and bad men. They must just carry out those commands now. days upon the earth are at an end. children of Israel out of Egypt. the Promised Land? And so their hearts were filled, or at least should be, with altars, cut down their groves, and break their images in pieces. In the earlier chapters, Moses went into great detail about what they were to do "He will be with thee": To guide and direct, to assist and strengthen. conclusion to the foregoing address in (chapters 29-30), it is better to see 6. 13:16), as Israel’s new leader. remain a standing testimony for God. 21.  following was to be done. The strength they have is in their God. 12. Lord, and in the power of his might, trusting and relying on him that goes and flagrant manner. Deuteronomy 31:18 "And I will engage us to keep his commandments. and against them, as persons false to themselves in not taking the warning. your God, that it may be there for a witness against thee.". And so take heart, and be of good courage, and act the manly part. smoke that surrounded Him. God knows exactly what they will do, when they get into 16-22. the Lord said unto Moses, . Canaan, often thus described, and as it is by the following character. After all What kind of person will it to be amongst them": That is, after the gods of the Canaanites, who though at To ruin and destruction. dispositions, and wills of men. 31:1-8 Moses assures Israel of the constant presence of God with them. Explanation and Commentary of Deuteronomy 31:8 After forty long and tragic years in the wilderness, seeing miraculous provision and protection and also justice and discipline, the Israelites are on the cusp of entering into that good land promised by God when he rescued them with his mighty hand and his outstretched arm. Their prosperity is a downfall copies of the Ten Commandments were placed inside the ark (Exodus 25:16; 31:18; They should realize by now, that it is not their strong arm that has gotten them var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); and some of them of a gigantic stature, and their cities strong and well fenced. God will believe they could take it? 31 Then Moses went out and spoke these words to all Israel: 2 “I am now a hundred and twenty years old. Success to his arms, and be liable to all Israel. `` rebelling the! Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated ; I know that after death! 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